IoT Automated Solution Skillets

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Brief Description

Simplify and validate the firewall configuration for the Cortex IoT security service. The skillets also include the Cortex Data Lake skillets due to Data Lake and IoT service integration.

 

Target Audience

PAN-OS Cortex IoT validations and configuration to ensure NGFW readiness. Also an IoT traffic generator for Linux endpoints.

 

Prerequisites

 

Skillet Details

Documentation: https://github.com/PaloAltoNetworks/iot-automated-solution/blob/master/README.md

Github Location: https://github.com/PaloAltoNetworks/iot-automated-solution.git

Github Branches: master

PAN-OS Versions Supported: 9.x, 10.0

Type of Skillet: panos

Collections:

  • CDL
  • IoT

 

Full Description

The suite of skillets are design to assist with and validate the Cortex Data Lake install and then implement required configuration elements for DHCP and traffic logging specific to the IoT security service.

 

IoT configuration assist is based on the Get Started with IoT Security documentation.

Workflow

Various selection options based on software version and deployment type for IoT. The workflow steps through the needed skillets required by the user.

Validation

The validation skillet checks required elements for a successful Cortex Data Lake (CDL) and Cortex IoT install. Key items include firewall licensing, global CDL configuration, fetch CDL certificates, and CDL/EAL enablement in log forwarding profiles.

Cortex Data Lake Playbook

Cortex Data Lake inline validation checks and configuration using an Ansible playbook.

Cortex Data Lake Optional Configurations

CDL specific configurations needed for select IoT deployments including:

 

  • update of existing log forwarding profiles with EAL/CDL enabled
  • add a log forwarding profile that is EAL/CDL ready
  • update security policies to include a selected log forwarding profile

 

IoT Configuration Elements

Based on the deployment scenario and software version, the firewall configuration may required additions or modifications:

 

  • 10.0 firewall DHCP server: enable DHCP broadcast session
  • Virtual Wire deployments: enable multicast firewalling
  • Pre-10.0 local DHCP: convert to a logical interface DHCP server + enable DHCP relay
  • Add a security policy specific to the DHCP application for traffic visibility

 

IoT Traffic Generator

Python script running on a Linux host to emulate multiple IoT endoints and mqtt traffic sessions. Requires an IoT broker host (eg. mosquitto) to receive and respond to mqtt session requests.

 

The key element of the generator is emulating DHCP sessions that create log events in the firewall and passed to Cortex Data Lake and Cortex IoT.

 

HomeSkillet POC Add-on Configurations

Using HomeSkillet as a quick-install base configuration, provide additional configuration elements for the IoT broker interface, zones, and security policy.