Major Issues with SIP (VoIP)

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Major Issues with SIP (VoIP)

L4 Transporter

Hi Guys,

I am kind of stuck troubleshooting an issue with regards to SIP traffic.  My customer integrated a new Digium Switchvox SIP VoIP in their network.  A couple of weeks ago, the telephone system wasn't working i.e. no outbound and inbound calls were possible.  In the beginning I thought it was something issuw with their providers including ISP.

Later it turned out to be that the firewall was rejecting incoming packets.  After reading a couple of posts, I configured the Application Override policies to allow unknown tcp and udp on ports 5060 and it came into life.  It worked for a week with no hiccups till they had a power cut.  After the firewall came back up; we encountered the same issue of NO calls were possible.

After a couple of hours without anyones notice, the phone system was working and PA was sending and receiving traffic.  I tried to determine the cause but remained unsuccessful.

Last week, with no power outage, the phone system was up and running but NO calls were possible.  This is when for testing purpose, I bypassed the PA firewall using an HP switch and everything looked absoultely fine.  Got the PA back in-line and NO calls were possible again.

This is when we had to point our fingers towards PA firewall.  Now, I was just wondering if anyone has gone through such issues and if yes, how was it diagnosed?  I am kind of lost on what to do now.

The only thing I could think of was to leave the tcp and udp ports to 0 - 65535 under application override.  I will not be able to test it for the next couple of weeks as we cannot afford to loose the service.

Now, the situation stands like PA is being bypassed.  Since I have got a couple of weeks to think of it, I thought of posting it here to see if anyone was willing to shed some light on this.

Many Thanks,

Kalyan

4 REPLIES 4

L6 Presenter

Hi...It is possible that the phone system was continuing to retry using the existing UDP/TCP sessions.  When the PA firewall came back, it would drop those packets due to stateful inspection.  Once the phone system begun to initiate new sessions, then everything recovered.  Thanks.

To be honest, the phone system had no sessions to retry.  So PA dropping those packets wasn't actually visible.  And I dont think the phone system requires more than 30mins to initiate new sessions..!!

Any other thoughts?? Smiley Happy

Cheers..

hi

did u resolve your problem?

if u resolved how can u do that

Hi Lildeniz,

The issue hasn't been sorted out yet as the customer did not want to break any of their telephone systems as this was an important period for them.  At the moment, the PA is being bypassed and all the traffic has been diverted to Cisco ASA.

I will be looking into this in a couple of weeks..!! Will let you know once fixed, or in the mean while, if you find a fix, can you please share it with me.

Many Thanks,

Kalyan

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