Can alternate usernames be used for Credential Detection?

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Highlighted
L1 Bithead

Can alternate usernames be used for Credential Detection?

We are using Multiple Username Formats under Group Mapping and E-mail address as one of the alternate usernames. Output for CLI command show user user-attributes user all displays e-mail address as Alt Username.
We have also User Credential Detection enabled and using Group Mapping mode.

The problem is when a user enters credentials in some website, Credential detection works only if primary username is used. If an e-mail address (in our case alternate username) is used as a username, Credential Detection does not detect it at all.

So the question is: should Credential Detection be able to use alternate usernames and I am missing something or there is no such feature (yet)?

 


Accepted Solutions
Highlighted
L3 Networker

@marroz 

Answer is - no. Multiple Username Formats cannot be used with Credential Phishing Prevention because Data Plane is only made aware of the Primary Username. Can be called a limitation of the current design.

Information confirmed by PANW SE.

 

I have written Custom Vulnerability Object to detect transfer of e-mail address in HTTP. Should be used with Packet Capture feature of Vulnerability Protection profile.

<vulnerability-threat version="8.1.0">
  <entry name="43999">
    <signature>
      <standard>
        <entry name="E-Mail_in_HTTP_Headers">
          <and-condition>
            <entry name="And Condition 1">
              <or-condition>
                <entry name="Or Condition 1">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>GET</value>
                        </entry>
                        <entry name="req-hdr-type">
                          <value>AUTHORIZATION</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-headers</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
                <entry name="Or Condition 2">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>POST</value>
                        </entry>
                        <entry name="req-hdr-type">
                          <value>AUTHORIZATION</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-headers</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
              </or-condition>
            </entry>
          </and-condition>
          <order-free>no</order-free>
          <scope>protocol-data-unit</scope>
        </entry>
        <entry name="E-Mail_in_HTTP_Body">
          <and-condition>
            <entry name="And Condition 1">
              <or-condition>
                <entry name="Or Condition 1">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>GET</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-message-body</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
                <entry name="Or Condition 2">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>POST</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-message-body</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
              </or-condition>
            </entry>
          </and-condition>
          <order-free>no</order-free>
          <scope>protocol-data-unit</scope>
        </entry>
        <entry name="E-Mail_in_HTTP_MIME">
          <and-condition>
            <entry name="And Condition 1">
              <or-condition>
                <entry name="Or Condition 1">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-mime-form-data</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
              </or-condition>
            </entry>
          </and-condition>
          <order-free>no</order-free>
          <scope>protocol-data-unit</scope>
        </entry>
        <entry name="E-Mail_in_HTTP_Params">
          <and-condition>
            <entry name="And Condition 1">
              <or-condition>
                <entry name="Or Condition 1">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>GET</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-params</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
                <entry name="Or Condition 2">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>POST</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-params</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
              </or-condition>
            </entry>
          </and-condition>
          <order-free>no</order-free>
          <scope>protocol-data-unit</scope>
        </entry>
      </standard>
    </signature>
    <default-action>
      <alert/>
    </default-action>
    <threatname>E-Mail_in_HTTP</threatname>
    <severity>high</severity>
    <direction>client2server</direction>
    <vendor>
      <member>Asseco Poland S.A.</member>
    </vendor>
    <comment>Identification of the business email address transfer in HTTP</comment>
    <affected-host>
      <client>yes</client>
    </affected-host>
  </entry>
</vulnerability-threat>

View solution in original post


All Replies
Highlighted
Cyber Elite

What method are you actually using to check for submissions? 

Highlighted
L1 Bithead

I'm not sure I fully understand Your question.

User Credential Detection is enabled under URL Filtering Profile and Group Mapping mode is used to check for valid corporate usernames - if that is what You are asking.

Highlighted
L3 Networker

@marroz 

Answer is - no. Multiple Username Formats cannot be used with Credential Phishing Prevention because Data Plane is only made aware of the Primary Username. Can be called a limitation of the current design.

Information confirmed by PANW SE.

 

I have written Custom Vulnerability Object to detect transfer of e-mail address in HTTP. Should be used with Packet Capture feature of Vulnerability Protection profile.

<vulnerability-threat version="8.1.0">
  <entry name="43999">
    <signature>
      <standard>
        <entry name="E-Mail_in_HTTP_Headers">
          <and-condition>
            <entry name="And Condition 1">
              <or-condition>
                <entry name="Or Condition 1">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>GET</value>
                        </entry>
                        <entry name="req-hdr-type">
                          <value>AUTHORIZATION</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-headers</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
                <entry name="Or Condition 2">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>POST</value>
                        </entry>
                        <entry name="req-hdr-type">
                          <value>AUTHORIZATION</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-headers</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
              </or-condition>
            </entry>
          </and-condition>
          <order-free>no</order-free>
          <scope>protocol-data-unit</scope>
        </entry>
        <entry name="E-Mail_in_HTTP_Body">
          <and-condition>
            <entry name="And Condition 1">
              <or-condition>
                <entry name="Or Condition 1">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>GET</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-message-body</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
                <entry name="Or Condition 2">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>POST</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-message-body</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
              </or-condition>
            </entry>
          </and-condition>
          <order-free>no</order-free>
          <scope>protocol-data-unit</scope>
        </entry>
        <entry name="E-Mail_in_HTTP_MIME">
          <and-condition>
            <entry name="And Condition 1">
              <or-condition>
                <entry name="Or Condition 1">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-mime-form-data</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
              </or-condition>
            </entry>
          </and-condition>
          <order-free>no</order-free>
          <scope>protocol-data-unit</scope>
        </entry>
        <entry name="E-Mail_in_HTTP_Params">
          <and-condition>
            <entry name="And Condition 1">
              <or-condition>
                <entry name="Or Condition 1">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>GET</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-params</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
                <entry name="Or Condition 2">
                  <operator>
                    <pattern-match>
                      <qualifier>
                        <entry name="http-method">
                          <value>POST</value>
                        </entry>
                      </qualifier>
                      <pattern>(([A-Za-z]+|[A-Za-z]+\.[A-Za-z]+)(@EXAMPLE\.ORG|@example\.org))</pattern>
                      <context>http-req-params</context>
                      <negate>no</negate>
                    </pattern-match>
                  </operator>
                </entry>
              </or-condition>
            </entry>
          </and-condition>
          <order-free>no</order-free>
          <scope>protocol-data-unit</scope>
        </entry>
      </standard>
    </signature>
    <default-action>
      <alert/>
    </default-action>
    <threatname>E-Mail_in_HTTP</threatname>
    <severity>high</severity>
    <direction>client2server</direction>
    <vendor>
      <member>Asseco Poland S.A.</member>
    </vendor>
    <comment>Identification of the business email address transfer in HTTP</comment>
    <affected-host>
      <client>yes</client>
    </affected-host>
  </entry>
</vulnerability-threat>

View solution in original post

Highlighted
L1 Bithead

Thank you @ACieszkowski!

I will check the workaround with your Custom Vulnerability.

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