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GlobalProtect: Authentication Policy with MFAGlobalProtect: Authentication Policy with MFA


In my previous article, "GlobalProtect: User/Device Context & Compliance," we covered security policy matching based on user identity and device context provided via the GlobalProtect app. We also enabled notifications to the end user based on compliance of the endpoint.


In this post, we are going to configure Authentication Policy with MFA to provide elevated access for both HTTP and non-HTTP traffic to specific sensitive resources. You can see a diagram of the environment here.


The value in leveraging Authentication Policy with MFA is to ensure that regardless of whether or not a user is known and the device is compliant, they must authenticate with multiple factors to validate their identity prior to accessing a specific resource. This helps prevent lateral movement by malicious attackers that are persisting internally via a compromised machine or with phished credentials.


NOTE: This article assumes the following:
  • You have already followed the previous articles in this series
  • You have DUO MFA configured

Although this capability can be configured without GlobalProtect for HTTP applications, we are going to focus on non-HTTP applications to highlight the GlobalProtect app's role in the authentication prompt process.



Part IV - Authentication Policy with MFA

  • Navigate to Device > Certificate Management > SSL/TLS Service Profile > Add to create a profile that references the root CA created previously

SSL/TLS Service Profile to Add a ProfileSSL/TLS Service Profile to Add a Profile

  • Navigate to Device > Authentication Profile > Add to create a new profile that consists of the LDAP and DUO Server Profiles that were previously created
    • On the Authentication tab
      • Enter a Name
      • Set the Type to LDAP
      • Set the Server Profile to LDAP
      • Enter a Login Attribute of sAMAccountName
      • Set the User Domain to your domain

Authentication Profile to Set User DomainAuthentication Profile to Set User Domain

  • On the Factors tab
    • Check the Enable Additional Authentication Factors box
    • Add the Multi-Factor Authentication Server Profile that was previously created as part of your DUO setup

Authentication Profile for LDAP Auth-DuoAuthentication Profile for LDAP Auth-Duo

  • On the Advanced tab, select the user group previously created to add to the Allow List
  • Click OK
  • Navigate to Device > User Identification > Captive Portal and click on the gear icon
    • Check the Enable Captive Portal box
    • Select the SSL/TLS Service Profile and Authentication Profile that were previously created
    • Set the Mode to Redirect
    • Set the Redirect Host to an IP address of an interface on the firewall
      • In my case, its the IP address of my trust interface
    • Click OK

Captive Portal window to Enable Captive PortalCaptive Portal window to Enable Captive Portal

  • Navigate to Network > GlobalProtect > Portals > select the previously configured portal > Agent > select the previously configured config > App > and change the following App Configurations parameters
    • Set Connect Method to User-logon (Always On)
    • Set Enable Inbound Authentication Prompts from MFA Prompts (UDP) to Yes
    • Set Trusted MFA Gateways to the IP address referenced in your Captive Portal along with port 6082
      • In my case its
    • Click OK

Config App Tab App to Configurations ParametersConfig App Tab App to Configurations Parameters

  • Navigate to Objects > Authentication > Add to create a new Authentication Enforcement
    • Enter a Name
    • Set the Authentication Method to web-form
    • Set the Authentication Profile to the MFA profile that was previously created
    • Click OK

Authentication Enforcement for DuoAuthentication Enforcement for Duo

  • Navigate to Policies > Authentication > Add to create an authentication rule
    • NOTE: If you need a resource for testing, there are plenty of test SSH servers available publicly. In the example below, that is what I am using
    • As shown below, any user in the trust or gp zone that generates traffic destined to a specific server in the untrust zone will be prompted to authenticate, regardless of whether they are a verified user or not

Policies > Authentication > Add Authentication RulePolicies > Authentication > Add Authentication Rule

  • Commit the configuration
  • Lastly, when testing with a Windows client, make sure that the host firewall is allowing UDP port 4501 inbound


You should now be able to test access to the resource. Here is the general workflow that you can follow:
  • Ensure the GlobalProtect app is connected to either an external or internal gateway
  • From operational mode in the CLI, run the 'show user ip-user-mapping all type CP' to show authenticated users
    • It should show 0 users
  • Attempt to access the resource referenced in the Authentication Policy rule, and you will see a prompt requiring you to authenticate

GlobalProtect - Protected ResourceGlobalProtect - Protected Resource

  • Upon authenticating via the factors you defined, you should be able to access the resource as well as run the same 'show user ip-user-mapping all type CP' and see your user account

In my next article, "GlobalProtect: Pre-Logon Authentication," we will configure pre-logon authentication using machine certificates.

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